Complications and Possible Risks
All surgery has its unavoidable and possible complications. There is a number of risks with which you can face after hysterectomy:
• Bleeding after or even during surgery
• Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – is a blood clot shaping in a leg vein (1 in 250 women experiences this). The clot can reach lungs and form a condition, known as pulmonary embolism.
• Urinary tract injury ˗ 1 in 150 women faces with bladder damage. Also, tubes that drain kidneys can be hurt as well.
• 1 in 2500 women deals with bowels damage
• Different infections – these infections may strike the bladder, lungs, wound. 1 in 500 women gets contaminated
• Blood clot formation in the wound
• Bowels locking because of intestinal scarring
Hysterectomy is a very safe operation, but still some side effects are possible. A number of risks are connected with anesthesia, which include strokes, pneumonia and heart attacks. Also, you may experience blood clots in legs which are usually visible after several days of surgery. Besides, your legs may hurt and even swell. These clots can become offset and reach lungs which can cause difficulties in breathing, pain in the chest area or even possible death. Other complications include different infections, deep or skin, tissue scarring, bleeding during and after operation which further may require transfusion of the blood. On and off some areas in the pelvis or abdomen may be hurt during hysterectomy, especially if there are previous scars from endometriosis and other surgeries. The injury of tubes connecting kidneys with bladder or bladder alone can rarely happen. If it occurs it will require another additional operation which may lead to kidney loss. In some rare cases blood vessels and intestines can be affected. Hernias may sometimes occur after abdominal hysterectomy. Abnormal joining between the vagina and bladder or vagina and rectum can occur because of tissue scarring. This condition is correspondingly called recto-vaginal and cysto-vaginal fistulae. Hysterectomy will not predispose you to gain weight. After the procedure you will be given some time for rest.
Your recovery period will depend on the body condition, age, severity of the case and other factors. Sometimes a tube is inserted into the bladder to assist in emptying the urine. It will be taken away when you leave the hospital. After several days a gauze pad is removed as well. Bloody drainage is possible during next 10 days. You will be recommended to use sanitary pads for vaginal bleeding for further several weeks. Your doctor will give a number of instructions concerning eating, showering before leaving the hospital. It is good to have a bit of walk on fresh air to help your blood circulate and avoid blood clots formation. A physician will tell you when the cuts will be healed and time when you can return to normal life and work. In 6 weeks you can come again to sexual intercourse. The procedure will not influence on the pleasurable feeling during sexual activity. Hysterectomy will help release you from chronic pain. Remember that there would be no periods anymore. If you experience stinking smell of vaginal discharge, flow from the incision, pain in the leg, fever, etc., contact the doctor.