Types of Hysterectomy
• Total hysterectomy ˗ when the whole uterus together with the cervix is removed.
• Total hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy – a doctor removes the body of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and the ovaries.
• Supracervical (partial or subtotal) hysterectomy ˗ when a surgeon removes the upper part of the uterus and leaves the cervix (neck of the womb). There are a number of benefits if the cervix is not touched: quicker and less difficult procedure, less bladder damage, smaller blood loss, absence of fever after the operation, decreased further prolapse suffering.
• Radical Hysterectomy ˗ uterus, upper part of the vagina, tissue on both parts of the cervix is removed. It is usually done if there is a suspicion of cancer. Sometimes the upper area of the vagina and pelvic lymphatic ganglions are also taken away.